Epidural hematoma, a collection or pooling of blood in the space between the dura and the skull, may be intracranial or spinal. Epidural hematoma is experienced by about 2% of all patients that sustain head injuries and between 5 and 15% of patients that experience fatal head trauma. Intracranial epidural hematoma is widely believed to be the most serious complication of head injury and requires an immediate diagnosis and surgical intervention.
Spinal epidural hematoma may follow even a minor trauma, such as puncture of the lumbar or epidural anesthesia. The peridural venous plexus usually is involved, though arterial sources of hemorrhage also occur. Epidural hematoma complicates 2% of cases of head trauma which number 40,000 cases per year. The mortality rate associated with epidural hematoma has been estimated to be 5-50%. Individuals younger than two years of age rarely experience intracranial hematoma and it is also rare in the population over 60 because at this stage the dura adheres very tightly to the calvaria.
The Brain Injury Lawyers at McAleer Law can provide more detailed information about epidural hematoma injuries. If you need more information, call McAleer Law at 404-622-5337.